Research on Paraquat and Its Substitutes in China

Report edition: 2015 edition(1)
Finished time:
Document type: PDF
Total pages : 54
Language version: English
Published by CCM
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  • Introduction
  • Main contents
  • List of tables
  • List of figures



China is the largest production country of paraquat in the world, with the capacity of nearly 180,000 t/a (42% TK equivalent), accounting for over 60% of the global total. In recent four years, about 20,000 tonnes of paraquat (42% TK equivalent) has been consumed domestically per year, with the rest exported to the world.

Although paraquat is widely used in the world, it is also being restricted in many countries because of its fatal toxicity. In the past, paraquat was applied in the form of AS formulations only. In April 2012, the Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of China jointly released the No. 1745 Notice, stipulating a series of restrictive management measures on paraquat, including stopping approval of new manufacturers, production permits and registrations of paraquat TK and formulations since 24 April, 2012, forbidding production (except for export) of paraquat AS from 1 July, 2014, and banning the sales and application of paraquat AS in the domestic market from 1 July, 2016.

The market gap is to be filled by substitutes. Key substitutes for paraquat AS include non-AS paraquat formulations, glyphosate, glufosinate ammonium and diquat.

To cope with the ban, some domestic paraquat producers such as Nanjing Redsun Co., Ltd., Shandong Luba Chemical Co., Ltd. and Shandong Kexin Biochemical Co., Ltd. are developing non-AS formulations including GW and SG and constructing production facilities. The cost of new formulations will be much higher than that of AS, because of high requirements for the production units and plants—control of bug dust generated from production of SG formulations and more production courses and higher package cost for GW formulations. Therefore, farmers' weeding cost by using new formulations will also be higher than that by paraquat AS; some may turn to substitutes for the product.

Some herbicide producers have started to promote other substitutes. For example, Zhejiang Yongnong Chem. Ind. Co., Ltd. is making great efforts to promote Baisudun (glufosinate ammonium 200g/L AS) in southern China and the sales volume increased rapidly from 600 tonnes in 2012 to about 2,000 tonnes in 2014, and some companies like Guangdong Zhongxun Agri-science Corporation and Nanjing Redsun have brought diquat formulations.

Purpose of report:

Paraquat AS will soon be banned for application in China. This report provides readers with historical market situation (2008-2014) and future development of paraquat AS (2015-2017) and its possible substitutes in China, with the following aspects discovered:

- Comparison of characteristics between paraquat and substitutes

- Comparison of consumption between paraquat and substitutes

- Comparison of export volume between paraquat and substitutes

- Comparison on control cost on main crops between paraquat and substitutes

- Comparison of production cost between paraquat AS and non-AS formulations

- Comparison of manufacturing cost of paraquat and substitutes (in technical forms)

- Comparison of price of paraquat and substitutes (in technical forms) and key raw materials

Applicable user:

Herbicide producers both at home and abroad, especially with the following aspects unveiled:

- What are the possible substitutes

- Regulatory influence on paraquat consumption in China

- Projection of the implementation of the deadline for ban (July 2016)

- Dynamics of the domestic producers of paraquat TK


- Desk research

- Questionnaire research (producers, crop protection units/experts, retailers, farmers)

- Expert interview

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