CCM-Agriculture: to be blame the most in China’s diffused pollution

Publish time: 18th November, 2015      Source: CCM
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  Agriculture, one of the industries developing according to China Circular Economy, has suffered the most problems compared to any other industries, according to CCM.




  It has almost been 10 years since the plan of Circular Economy being put into the 11th five-year plan in 2006.


  Circular Economy, one of the plans for environmental protection in China, promotes giving equal importance to both raising and saving energy. Based on the principles of reduce, reuse and recycle, it aims at building a resource recycling system during resource exploitation, production consumption, waste production and consumption.


  However, Agriculture, being one of the most important industries in Circular Economy, has performed the worst till now. 1/3 of over 900 million tonnes of straws was wasted and over 80 million tonnes of waste residue had polluted the environment.


  In April 2015, the Ministry of Agriculture in China first publically admitted that Agriculture has become the industry with the largest diffused pollution in China, surpassing Industry.


  "China agricultural resources and environment are suffering both exogenous and endogenous pollution, which may increase safety risks of agricultural products as well as worsen the soil and water pollution' stated by Zhang Taoling, Deputy of the Ministry of Agriculture.


  The agricultural diffused pollution has become more and more serious. Compared with the point source pollution, diffused pollution has a wider pollution range. During the rainfall and irrigation, sand from farmlands, nutrient salt, pesticides and other pollutants flow into water to bring about diffused pollution.


  Pollutant emissions from industrial & mineral industry and daily life have transferred to agricultural emission, which worsens the agricultural production environment.


  Chemicals and pesticides have been overused for a long time, meanwhile, agricultural wastes, like livestock manure and residual plastic film, have been disposed unreasonably. Both of them also have a great effect on the diffused pollution.


  In fact, to better improve the development of Circular Economy in agriculture, the State Council had published the Development Strategy and Recent Plan of Circular Economy in 2013, stating that demonstrative model areas in agriculture development should be set for Circular Economy.


  However, something went wrong in the modern agricultural demonstration areas.


  "Among the modern agricultural demonstration areas, most of them cannot be replicated, promoted and even have no use itself for the Circular Economy', stated by Zhang Liqun, Leader of National Agricultural Key Science and Technology Projects.


  To better solve the problems, Zhang suggested that the government should set up different demonstrative model areas for Circular Economy based on different regions, resource background and climate conditions.


  For example, Heilongjiang Weishan Farm has formed a mode of using straws as fuel. It supplied heat and gas to a community with the area of 100,000 square meters through burning over 300,000 mu of corn straws.


  When other areas tried to learn from this mode, they found a new method that they could directly burn straws to bake corn, saving a lot of coal.


  "The government should gather more experience from local residents, as to better improve the demonstrative model areas for people to learn from' Zhang added.


  "As the China government is encouraging Internet plus, the Ministry of Environmental Protection should also set up a recycle system focusing on waste resource' stated Wen Xuefeng, Deputy of Environmental Management of Solid Waste in China.


  "A waste transaction online platform should also be set up, as to bring convenience to enterprises. Thus, the Ministry of Environmental Protection can also obtain a highly effective management, and finally, the maximization of environmental benefits can be achieved.'


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  *The original article comes from and this article is a translated and re-edited version by CCM.